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ミッシェルのAAAでの発表要旨

2012.09.27

ミッシェル・デイグル(ハワイ大学/熊本文学部・客員研究員)さんが、この秋に開催される2012 AAA Annual Meetingで発表します。セッション6-0105 Naming Taboo Topics in Japanで、ミッシェルの発表タイトルおよび要旨は以下の通りです。 ※ ミッシェルさんの所属するハワイ大学医療人類学HPはこちら

 
 
 Naming Minamata:  the Dialectics of Power and Control and the Semiotics of Pain In Japan
 Michelle D Daigle (University of Hawaii at Manoa)
 
Abstract:
 This paper explores the practices, power and politics involved in naming methyl mercury poisoning in Japan, and its effects on intersubjective illness experience and pain, both physical and emotional. “Minamata disease” (MD) was first used in 1956 to refer to the discovery of methyl mercury poisoning in Minamata, Kumamoto, Japan.  However, prior to and after the poisoning was officially recognized and christened, a variety of different names were also attributed to the most egregious symptoms--ataxia, constriction of the field of vision, numbness around the mouth and in the extremities and violent convulsions.   Drawing on ethnographic research, I contend that the name “Minamata disease” indexes a pluralism of tools and dialogues evoked to sustain a coherent, political meta-narrative, while it is simultaneously appropriated in victim circles to contest and reconstruct a people’s narrative at the locus of the name itself.  These names serve to localize MD within a specific illness landscape, thus obscuring and serving as form of structural violence against victims within Minamata City and other contamination areas. The dialectics of state power and control commingle with individual narratives of pain and illness experience to constitute a semiotics of pain that transverses social, medical, legal and geographic landscapes.
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